Eczema on Neck: Red Itchy Dry Skin, Causes, Treatment

Eczema on neck in most cases will cause a red irritated itchy or crusty peeling skin on the neck. In severe cases, eczema on back of neck can cause receding hair line or hair loss at the back of your head just along the hair line. It mostly affects children compared adults. There are several home remedies and treatment methods for dealing with eczema.

What is atopic dermatitis – Can it Cause Eczema on Neck?

Atopic dermatitis also known as eczema is a skin condition that affects skin that covers any part of the body. In this article we are going to discuss about atopic dermatitis or eczema on the neck. It is mostly common in children and can last a lifetime.

Eczema on neck, Causes, Picture, Cure
Eczema on neck, Causes, Picture, Cure

The cause of atopic dermatitis is not known but it is mostly associated with genetics that result into unhealthy skin that is t able to retain moisture and protect itself from allergens, bacteria and any other type of irritants.

It is characterized by red, itchy bumps that cluster to form a rash. The skin thickens and cracks or scales since it is very dry. The red bumps may be filled with fluid and crust over when scratched. The red rash can get severely itchy and deprive you of sleep at night. Other complications like asthma, hay fever and allergic contact dermatitis may develop.

Ensue that you see a dermatologist if the itching is intense, the bumps contain yellow pus, and the symptoms are persistent.

Is eczema contagious?

No, eczema is not contagious since it is mostly inherited from family genetics. Other causes of eczema include allergens and irritants and these vary from one person to another.

Do not stigmatize people who have eczema .After all they cannot pass it to you unless you have risk factors of eczema like asthma and hay fever.

Causes of eczema on neck

Eczema is a skin condition that has got no well-defined cause. There are several factors that are linked to the outbreak of this horrendous skin condition. It affects both babies and adults. Kids from the age of 5 years and above are likely to get eczema .Some people get eczema in their adulthood even if they did not experience it as a kid. Below is a list of the possible causes of eczema on neck;

1. Genetics

Parents who have eczema are likely to pass it down to their children .Most people who have eczema develop it in early childhood. If left untreated the eczema can last a life time.

According to Mayo Clinic, “Healthy skin helps retain moisture and protects you from bacteria, irritants and allergens .Eczema is related to a gene variation that affects the skin’s ability to provide this protection

2. Allergic reactions

Allergic reactions are caused by hyperactive immune systems .Allergic reactions can be triggered by allergens found in food, chemicals, pollen, detergents, soaps, and metals used to make jewellery.

3. Stress

Emotional stress or anxiety is not good for the body as well as the skin. Avoid getting stressed often. Yoga exercises help in relieving stress.

4. Garments

There are certain fabrics like wool that irritate the skin. Woollen scarfs or polo neck shirts that are worn around the neck are likely to irritate e your skin and cause eczema if you have a sensitive skin.

5. Weather

Hot and dry weather or cold and dry weather are likely to trigger eczema on neck because the skin gets dry. You need to moisturize your skin often whenever you are exposed to such weather. Most people forget that their necks also need to moisturize just like any part of the skin.

Symptoms of eczema on neck

Eczema can be confused by other types of skin conditions because the symptoms are identical. However, associated by intense itching among other symptoms that is listed below;

  1. Thick scally skin that peels off
  2. Dry flaking skin
  3. Severely itchy red bumps
  4. Painful sores that are wet and look like they are weeping and crust over after drying
  5. Creased skin on the neck
  6. Skin changes to colour into red due to the red rash that form patches all over the neck
  7. Skin redness or darkening depending on your skin colour

Eczema on baby’s neck

Eczema is often inherited by a baby from their parents. Such a baby is also prone to complications like asthma and hay fever. According to NHS,”babies often get red, scally skin known as eczema-in fact, one in eight might get it where there’s a family history of allergic condition like eczema, asthma o hay fever

Eczema will attack babies up to the age of 5 years old. If treated then the flare ups can be prevented as the existing eczema dry up. Untreated eczema will last for a lifetime. Eczema is a very stubborn skin condition that should be treated with patience. Flare ups of eczema are triggered by allergens found in detergents used to wash clothes, soaps, and certain types of foods.

Invest in a moisturizer for your baby. Skin that is prone to eczema is not capable of fighting off irritants, allergens and bacteria that can cause secondary infections. The baby will have dry, itchy, scaly on the neck. Eczema bumps form in clusters and makes the skin looks like it has red patches of rash. These eczema rashes though not contagious may affect your child’s social life at school.

Oral antihistamine is used to prevent itching effect of eczema. Steroid creams and ointments are used to treat eczema and prevent peeling odd of the skin. It is important to observe high standard hygiene on a child that has eczema. When skin is scratched the bacteria gains easy access and cause secondary infection .Bacterial infections can be treated using antibiotics prescribed by a doctor.

Mothers should learn to practice exclusive breastfeeding for at least six months in order to prevent their babies from getting eczema. Take the baby for examination by a doctor and he will be able to determine the types of foods that cause allergic reactions. Ensure that your baby’s bedding is made of cotton only.

Can eczema cause receding hair line and hair loss

Yes eczema can cause receding hair line and hair loss. Eczema on scalp is caused by seborrheic dermatitis which in most cases is a result of excessive sebum production. This also explains why when getting a haircut, you should go to a clean barber who observes good hygiene with sterilized equipment.

Symptoms of scalp eczema include;

  1. Itchy scalp. Baby or adult will keep scratching the scalp
  2. Dandruff may keep appearing on the hair due to falling off of dry skin
  3. Red bumps or rash irritation on the scalp
  4. Hair loss along the hair lines with scaly red skin along the hair line is a major symptom

Difference between eczema and ringworm

Ringworm is fungal infection .Unlike eczema it has got a definite cause. Fungal infection occurs when there is heat and humidity or dampness. Thus it mostly affects fold of the skin, People who have skin fold on their necks are likely to get ringworms on the neck if they sweat a lot or live in a humid environment.

Ringworms form itchy, scaly, crusty red patches on the skin the only difference with eczema rashes is that ringworms have a well-defined boundary around the patch.

Unlike eczema ringworms are highly contagious. They can be contacted through direct skin contact or through contact with a surface that has been infected by a patent like a locker or garments.

Ringworms can be treated using antifungal medication .Unfortunately there are no home remedies for ringworms but eczema has got several home remedies as discussed below.

Difference between eczema and heat rash

Heat rash is a skin condition that occurs when skin pores are blocked and hey cannot be able to release sweat out of the body on a hot day.

It affects both adults and babies but especially babies on their neck. Friction on the surface also causes heat rash, like wearing a scarf or pull neck sweater can make you get heat rash on your neck.

Heat rashes form red itchy rashes on skin .But unlike eczema they heal as soon as the body is cooled or the temperature lowers. They do not need any medication. They cause is also well defined unlike eczema.

Difference between eczema and psoriasis

Psoriasis is a skin condition that exhibits symptoms like those of eczema .It causes flare up of red bumps in clusters that form a red rash and make the skin look brownish red and shines like silver.

Unlike eczema, psoriasis doesn’t have to be itchy. They can exist on the skin without any itchy sensation. While eczema is modify caused by allergens and genetics , psoriasis is caused by a disorder in the immune system that makes skin cells grow rapidly and pile on top of each other. There are white cells in the body that contribute to the bumps on the skin once there is a disorder in the immune system.

Eczema on Neck Causes Red Dry Flaky Skin on Neck
Eczema on Neck Causes Red Dry Flaky Skin on Neck

Home remedies for eczema on neck

Eczema symptoms are very irritating and make your skin look ugly. It is very embarrassing and uncomfortable to keep scratching your neck especially when you have company. It is even more irritating on babies because they will keep crying when their skin itch. There are home remedies that can be used to treat eczema on both adults and babies.

1. Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar is an antibacterial, anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory agent. Hence it fights of secondary infections that may occur when the skin is scratched. It prevents the itchy feeling caused by eczema on neck.

What you need

  1. Apple cider vinegar
  2. A Cotton Ball
  3. Clean water
  4. A clean piece of cloth
  5. Moisturizer

What to do

  1. Ensure that your affected are is clean and dry
  2. Mix one part of apple vinegar with one part of water
  3. Soak a cotton ball with the apple cedar vinegar water
  4. Apply the mixture of apple cider vinegar water on the eczema rash using the soaked  cotton ball
  5. Let it dry up
  6. Rinse it off with clean water and dry your skin with a clean piece of cloth in order to avoid dampness. Dampness encourages fungal infection.
  7. Apply a moisturizer
  8. Repeat this process 3 times a day until you see a change

2. Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera gel is rich in Vitamin E and is a good natural moisturizer and rejuvenates damaged skin cells. It will prevent the skin from scaling and peeling. Apart from rejuvenating the skin it also prevents the itchy feeling and reduces the inflammation of the red rashes on neck.

What you need

  1. Aloe Vera leaves
  2. A sharp knife
  3. A mixer/ blender
  4. Moisturizer
  5. A bowl for collecting  the gel
  6. A clean piece of cloth
  7. Clean water

What to do

  1. Cut three pieces of aloe Vera leaves them on both ends.
  2. Gently peel off the upper green layer from the leaf using a knife. This way, you will be able to expose the thick Aloe Vera gel in the leaves.
  3. In case you find any yellow liquid on the leaf, rinse it out with clean water.
  4. Peel off the green back of the leaf.
  5. The clear thick gel that is left behind is the aloe Vera gel.
  6. Cut the gel into small pieces and blend the gel into a liquid form.
  7. Collect the gel in a bowl
  8. Ensure the affected area is clean and dry
  9. Apply the Aloe Vera gel directly on the eczema on neck
  10. Let it dry
  11. Wash off the Aloe Vera gel thoroughly using plenty of warm water.
  12. Dry your skin, becomes dampness can trigger fungal infection.
  13. Apply a moisturizer
  14. Repeat the process 4 times a day until you notice a significant change.

3. Oat meal

Oatmeal is capable of relieving the itchy feeling and soothes the red eczema rash on neck. It also rejuvenates the skin and help in growth of new cells to replace the ones that peeled off. Your skin will improve and stop wrinkling.

Requirements

  1. Raw oatmeal
  2. A sock
  3. A clean piece of cloth
  4. Clean water
  5. Moisturizer

What to do

  1. Fill up the a sock with oatmeal and tie a tight knot on its open edge to ensure that the oats do not drop out of it
  2. Dip the sock full of oatmeal in warm water
  3. Squeeze the water out of the sock and let it run over your neck.
  4. Let the oatmeal water dry on your skin
  5. Rinse it off with warm water and dry your skin using a clean piece of cloth.
  6. The above procedure is ideal for a baby but for an adult you can sock your entire body including the neck in a bath tub filled with oatmeal water.
  7. You can do this by dipping the sock full of oatmeal in the bath tub and let it dissolve in the water.
  8. Remember to always dry your skin after bathing.
  9. Apply a moisturizer
  10. Repeat this process everyday

4. Honey

Honey is a naturally occurring moisturizer. It soothes the skin and reduces the pain caused by itchy eczema on neck. Ensure that you use raw natural honey because processed honey contains additives that may irritate the skin further and worsen the condition.

Requirement

  1. Natural honey
  2. Warm water
  3. A clean towel

How to use

  1. Wash your skin using clean water and dry it with a clean towel
  2. Apply honey on the eczema on neck
  3. Let it settle for 15 minutes
  4. Wash off the honey using warm water
  5. Pat dry your skin because dampness encourages fungal infection
  6. Repeat this process twice a day for a week until you observe a significant change

5. Olive Oil

Olive oil is an effective moisturize that prevents the skin from drying up, wrinkling and scaling. It is also an anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory agent and it will reduce the swelling and redness of the eczema rash .Olive oil should be used persistently.

Requirements

  1. Olive oil
  2. A clean towel
  3. Hot water
  4. Clean water

What to do

  1. Take a shower before you go to bed and ensure you dry your skin and the affected area.
  2. Pour some olive oil on your hands
  3. Gently massage your neck using the olive oil
  4. Soak a clean towel in hot water and ring it carefully to avoid getting burnt.
  5. Place this towel over the eczema on neck
  6. Remove the towel and leave the olive oil on your skin overnight
  7. Repeat this procedure every night before you got to bed until you notice a significant change.

6. Cold Compress, Cucumber

Ice will numb the skin and temporarily prevents the itchy or burning sensation on the eczema. Do not place ice directly on your skin. You can use cucumber instead of ice on baby’s neck. Cucumbers have the same cooling effect as ice.

Requirements

  1. Ice cubes or cucumber
  2. A handkerchief
  3. A spoon

How to use it to Soothe and Cure Eczema on Neck

  1. Scoop one or two ice cubes using a spoon.
  2. Place them on a clean handkerchief
  3. Wrap them with the handkerchief and tie a knot so that they do not fall off.
  4. Press the ice cubes in the cloth against the eczema for 10 minutes.
  5. Remove the ice cubes.
  6. For babies slice some cucumber and place them over the eczema.
  7. Repeat this once a day until the inflammation goes away.

7. Baking Soda

Baking soda is a chemical compound that is easily available. It is used to cooked food. It is used to soothe eczema rash.

Requirements

  1. Baking soda
  2. Warm Water
  3. A clean towel
  4. A Cotton ball
  5. Moisturizer

What to do

  1. Ensure your affected area is clean and dry
  2. Mix 5 tablespoonful of baking powder with a few drops of water and stir into a thick paste.
  3. Use a clean cotton ball to apply the paste on the eczema on the neck
  4. Let it stay on your skin for 5 minutes
  5. Rinse it off using warm water
  6. Dry your affected your skin using a clean towel
  7. Apply a moisturizer
  8. Repeat this process twice in a day for a week

8. Tea Tree Oil

Tea tree oil is an antifungal and antiseptic agent. It prevents secondary infection on the eczema that is caused by fungi. You should be careful while using tea tree oil because it is very harsh to the skin. It is advisable that you mix tea tree oil with other essential oil like jojoba oil to contain its harshness.

Do not use tea tree oil on babies because their skin is still tender.

Requirement

  1. Tea tree oil
  2. Jojoba oil or coconut oil
  3. A Cotton Ball

What to do

  1. Ensure that your skin is clean and dry
  2. Mix tea tree oil with jojoba oil or coconut oil in the ratio of 1:2
  3. Apply the oil mixture on your hand and gently massage your neck with the oil.
  4. Let it settle on the skin overnight
  5. Wash it off in the morning.
  6. Repeat this process daily before you go to bed

9. Neem and Turmeric

Neem plant and turmeric are natural anti-inflammatory agents. Neem plant is a natural anti-bacterial agent; hence it prevents infection by any type of bacteria. Turmeric reduces inflammation and soothes the skin. Honey is a moisturizer that can be used to mix the neem leaves and turmeric powder.

What you need

  1. Neem leaves
  2. Turmeric Powder
  3. Honey
  4. A Pestle & a mortar
  5. A sieve
  6. A moisturizer
  7. A knife
  8. A cup
  9. A clean towel

What to do

  1. Ensure that the neem leaves are clean before using them
  2. Cut them into big chunks with a knife
  3. Place them in the mortar
  4. Pound with a pestle to form a paste and sieve the paste in order to obtain the juice from neem leaves.
  5. Add a teaspoon full of turmeric powder and honey to the neem leaves juice
  6. Use a cotton ball to apply the mixture on the eczema on neck
  7. Let it settle for 30 minutes
  8. Rinse it off using warm water
  9. Dry your skin using a clean towel
  10. Apply a moisturizer in order to prevent the skin from drying off.
  11. Repeat this process twice a day for a week

YOU MAY ALSO LOOK AT;

HOW TO GET RID OF DRY SKIN ON FACE

Eczema on Neck Treatment

The best way to treat eczema is to fight off the symptoms one by one. The itchiness, redness, inflammation and peeling off of the skin.

Corticoid creams and ointments are capable of getting rid of the itchiness, redness and dry creased skin caused by eczema. However used of steroid creams over a long period of time will thin the skin. Your doctor will advise you n the best cream to use. Example of these creams include are hydrocortisone, clobetasone butyrate, tacrolimus, pimecrolimus and topical calcineurin inhibitors

A good moisturizer helps the skin retain moisture even in dry weather. This prevents skin from drying up and getting eczema flare up.

Antihistamines are ideal in countering allergic reactions. They reduce inflammation and prevent the itchy feeling. Examples of antihistamines include; diphenhydramine  loratadine , Claritin or Benadryl.

Children can be given oral antihistamine. You can get tested at the hospital and determine the source of your allergic reaction so that you keep off it. Patch tests done for allergies can detect delayed allergic reactions, which can take several days to develop.

Reference;

  1. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/atopic-dermatitis-eczema/symptoms-causes/dxc-20341958
  2. https://www.babycentre.co.uk/a541297/baby-eczema-causes-symptoms-treatments-and-creams
  3. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/14417.php
  4. http://www.medicinenet.com/heat_rash/article.htm#heat_rash_facts
  5. http://www.medicinenet.com/ringworm/article.htm#what_is_the_treatment_for_ringworm_are_there_home_remedies_for_ringworm
  6. http://www.home-remedies-for-you.com/remedy/Eczema.html
  7. http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/pages/eczema-in-children.aspx
  8. http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/eczema/ss/slideshow-eczema-overview

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.