Rash with white bumps are commonly caused by yeast infection on the skin. Whiteheads caused by blocked skin pores can also appear like tiny white bumps. Scabies can also erupt like small tiny red or white pimples on the skin. Heat rash and eczema rash can also cause little itchy red pimples with a white dot at the center.
The underlying problem plays a great role in influencing the symptoms and the rash location on the body. Diaper rash in children and toddlers or menstrual pad rash in female may also cause small white bumps around the anus, butt crack, vagina and the groin area. Here are some related symptoms, causes, remedies and treatment of rash with white bumps
Rash with white bumps on your face or on your baby’s skin causing you alarm? Don’t fret; it doesn’t happen commonly that this is an indication of any serious medical condition. Seek medical attention from a doctor or a dermatologist to verify the underlying problems for a permanent long term solution
Causes of rash with white bumps
Rash with white bumps may appear all over the body or just on some parts of the body. A rash with white bump or dot in center with a red base may also be experienced in this case. This may also be described as a red rash with a whitehead. All this characteristics depends on the major causes of the rash.
Red rash with white bumps after shower is a common experience among individuals. Long showers tend to strip the skin of its protective oil cover leaving it dry and vulnerable to external infections. Chlorine in water, shampoos or chemicals contained in some soaps may also cause itchy rashes on the skin.
2. Heat rash
Heat rash also known as miliaria rubra is common among individuals who live in the hot and humid areas. It causes rashes that are itchy and irritating. The prickly nature of this rashes gives them the name “prickly heat” Heat rash may cause a rash with a white dot at the center.
According to medicinenet.com “Heat rash (prickly heat or miliaria) is a mild inflammation of clogged sweat ducts. When the sweat ducts are blocked the sweat cannot come to the skin surface to evaporate and becomes trapped under the skin. The rash is characterized by small, raised bumps (like coarse sandpaper) spread evenly across small patches of skin. The rash usually goes away on it’s own and resolves in hours to a few days”
3. Diaper Rash with White Bumps
According to David Perlstein, MD, Medical Director of St. Barnabas Hospital, the term diaper rash refers to inflammation of the skin that occurs on areas of skin that are under a diaper. Diapers may cause red rash with white bumps on baby bum that may be tiny, itchy and may be irritating.
Also referred to as diaper dermatitis, it most commonly affects infants and children aged below 2 years but may as well appear in adults who are incontinent. Most babies will suffer from diaper rash at some point during their first 3 years of life regardless of how careful their mother is.
It tends to especially occur between 9 and 12 months of age. This is because most babies spend most of their time seated during this period and have already started eating solid foods. This is associated with changes in acidity of bowel movements according to Dr. Perlstein.
Diaper rash is notable for a red rash that is typically located on areas of skin covered by the diaper. The rash also tends to occur along the creases and folds of skin which are typically warm and moist. It can also affect the genital area of your little one.
Diaper rash is sometimes accompanied by small red bumps or rash with white bumps, which is often an indication that it has progressed into a yeast infection. Topical antifungal cream can help to treat such a case. As for white bumps, it is always advisable to have your pediatrician take a look at it.
It is even more disturbing to have them in pubic area, between the legs the face or any other visible part of the body. Here are some symptoms related to rash with white bumps;
- Red rash on the skin that develop white bumps
- The rash may be accompanied with fever depending on the cause
- Rashes may be noted all over the body or just in specific body areas
- The rashes may have a discharge in some cases
- That rushes may be red with a white dot at the center or whiteheads
- In some cases, red rash may come and go, seek medical advice even if they are gone
Red Rash with White Bumps on Skin
Red rash with white bumps may also be categorized under rush with whiteheads. below are some of the factors that may cause this discussed in details.
Acne is a rather common skin condition, especially among people with oily skin, and may be the underlying factor for that red rash with white bumps afflicting you. Acne pimples form when the hair follicles under your skin get clogged with oil and dead skin cells.
Acne tends to appear on the face, neck, shoulders, chest and back and is more common in teenagers and young adults especially those with oily skin. Some people have white dots under their eyes too. The pimples may appear as small spots or rash with white bumps. Acne pimples heal slowly, only to be replaced with new ones in most cases. Some more severe cases can cause scarring of the skin.
According to Medline Plus, it is not known what exactly triggers acne but hormonal changes, a typical phenomenon of teenage and pregnancy, are thought to play a role. Stress can worsen acne.
Although greasy foods and chocolate are often claimed to cause acne as well, Medline Plus says that there is no enough evidence to support this claim.
The offending dead skin cells-oil mixture results in the formation of a comedone beneath the surface of the skin. This manifests itself as either a blackhead or a whitehead. Whiteheads are what most people perceive as white bumps and usually results when the opening of hair follicle is completely plugged such that the comedone is located just beneath the surface of the skin.
If you have acne:
- Avoid picking at the acne bumps as this may increase the risk of scarring or even cause infection
- Use a gentle cleanser (or mild soap) to wash the affected area of skin. Avoid harsh facial scrubs, masks, and astringents as this may irritate the skin and make the acne worse according to Mayo Clinic.
- Apply acne lotions with salicylic acid or benzyl peroxide
- Apply tea tree oil lotions and gels to the affected areas of skin
- Stay away from oily and greasy skin care products and that includes sunscreen, acne concealers, hair styling products, and cosmetics. Instead, look for products labeled “non-comedogenic” or “water based”.
- Avoid excessive sun exposure as this worsens acne outbreak in some people according to the Mayo Clinic
- Topical prescription treatments such as tretinoin (Avita, Retin-A etc), tazarotene (Avage, Tazorac etc) may be antibiotics may be administered for more severe cases
- Oral antibiotics may also be prescribed
2. Molluscum contagiosum
This common viral infection might as well be the culprit for your woes. Molluscum contagiosum is caused by the Molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV), also known as molluscipoxvirus.
The condition shows as raised, painless, smooth, and firm pearly-white (and sometimes pink or flesh-colored) bumps with a dimple-like center. The bumps are called mollusca, condyloma subcutaneum, or molluscum bodies and range in size from about the size of a pin head to the size of pencil eraser.
About 80 percent of reported cases afflict children aged below 15 years, with those aged between 1 and 4 years being the most affected.
Molluscum contagiosum virus is commonly transmitted via direct skin-to-skin contact i.e. through sexual contact and/or touching a bump and then touching your own skin. It can also be spread through touching an object that is contaminated with the virus e.g. toys, towels and beddings etc. The virus can also spread from one area of the body to another.
In some cases, the area of skin surrounding individual molluscum contagiosum bumps experience some redness and mild swelling as they heal according to the UK National Health Service.
Around 10 percent of molluscum contagiosum cases also develop eczema which manifest as red, itchy, dry areas of skin around the mollusca. This is believed to be the result of extreme sensitiveness to the effects of the virus.
This is yet another skin condition that may be to blame for that red rash that is accompanied by white bumps. Also called hives, the skin condition shows up as raised, pale red or white, and often itchy bumps (referred to as wheals or weals) and small red patches (called flare) around each weal
The weals vary in size from a few millimeters to a number of centimeters and tend to come and go away in short time intervals, sometimes as low as 30 minutes, and migrate from one area of skin to another. They also tend to change in shape over time.
Allergies due to certain foods and environmental factors are to blame for most but not all cases of urticaria.
- Treatment of urticaria is most of the times not necessary as they resolve on their own – usually in less than 24 hours
- Excessive itching may however benefit from taking oral antihistamines such as Benadryl, Zyrtec etc
- Taking a cool bath can also help to soothe the symptoms especially itching
- Applying calamine lotion also helps to relieve itching
- Avoid exposing your skin to any suspected environmental allergen or irritant and avoid taking foods that may as well be to blame
- Prescription of topical treatments such as steroid creams and antileukotriene medicine may be required or severe cases.
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Treatment of Rash with White Bumps
In most cases, molluscum contagiosum disappears on its own, usually in a span of 6 to 12 months. Some mollusca may however stay around for as long as 4 years according to the United states Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Patients with aesthetic concerns may however benefit from the following treatment measures;
- Cryotherapy (freezing of mollusca)
- Curettage: Scraping off of mollusca with a sharp instrument
- Removal of the contagious center of the mollusca with a scalpel and tweezers
- Creams with salicylic acid, cantharidin, tretinoin or benzyl peroxide as the active ingredients
- Prescription medicine e.g. cimetidine
Red Rash with White Bumps on Face
We receive inquiries about red rash with white bumps on face every now and then. This is not surprising especially given the prominent position of the face. This makes noticing any imperfection as easy as it is easy to make someone bothered.
This can happen as a result of facial acne, molluscum contagiosum, or urticaria. These common skin conditions have all been discussed in more details in another section of this article.
Rash with Small White Bumps That Itch
“I have been experiencing a red rash with white bumps that itch over the last few days. At first I thought the bumps were just acne pimples but was really bothered when they started itching. I have tried applying baby oil to keep the area moisturized but this doesn’t seem to be helpful. What should I do? Do in need to see a dermatologist?” Loraine
From what Loraine has described, it seems possible that she is dealing with a case of molluscum contagiosum. Although mollusca are usually painless and not at all bothersome, they can sometime get itchy.
They are distinguishable for their dimple-like centers. Applying a lotion (or cream) featuring salicylic acid, benzyl peroxide, cantharidin, or tretinoin as the active ingredient(s) may help. Otherwise talk to your doctor about other treatment options such as cryotherapy, curettage etc.
This could as well be a case of urticaria which is notable for red patches (flare) that surrounds white or red bumps (more correctly known as weals) that change shape every now and then and migrate from one area of skin to another
Treatment is usually not needed for urticaria but itching may benefit from numerous interventions e.g. calamine lotion, oral antihistamines etc. Visit the previous section of this article for more info.
Facial Baby Rash with White Bumps
“My newborn baby (16 days old) has suddenly developed a rash that on the face that is accompanied by small white bumps. Should I be concerned all is it a normal thing?” Emmy
This is likely baby acne. Also known as infantile acne, baby acne usually develops at the age of 2 weeks and increases in intensity over the next 2 weeks and then heals away over another 2 weeks according to emedicinehealth.com website.
It usually heals completely by 6 weeks of age and doesn’t cause scarring. It commonly occurs on the nose and cheeks. Although the cause of baby acne is not known, it is believed to be the result of the sensitivity of the oil glands to mother’s level of hormones during pregnancy.