Lump in groin area can be very painful to touch and may cause difficulty in walking. However, some lumps in the groin may not be painful depending on the cause. Swollen lymph nodes in groin can cause a pea sized lump in female or male groin area. A lump in the groin area can also be soft, movable or hard depending on what caused it.
Having a painful lump in groin can be very uncomfortable in both female and male. Thoughts of having a sexually transmitted disease especially if you develop a sore groin lump after sex can drive you crazy. A cyst in groin can also appear like a swollen painful bump in groin that is filled with pus. Hernia in groin can cause a lump that won’t go away and should be treated immediately.
The lumps in some cases can grow big and might be normal lumps caused by swollen lymph nodes reacting to foreign infections in the body. If this is the case, those groin lumps may go away on their own after a few days. In some cases, a pea sized lump in groin may be a symptom of cancer. However, cancer is always one of the last in the least of common causes of groin lumps or bumps.
Cancer lumps are the main reasons as to why most people get frightened in the event they see a bump growing in or around their groin area. It is imperative that you seek medical advice from a healthcare provider to ascertain the actual cause of the lumps and the possible modes of treatment before you conclude.
In this article, we will discuss in details the causes of lump in groin area and how to get rid of them using home remedies and treatment.
Causes of Lump in groin area
Lump in groin area have a number of different causes. The causes have some common symptoms and some other symptoms are unique to their specific causes. For example, the lumps appearing in the groin that are as a result of sexually transmitted infections have symptoms that may not be visible in lumps that may be as a result of an allergic reaction.
There are two major types of cysts that are said to be the most likely causes of bumps in groin. These are the sebaceous cysts and the pilar cysts. Sebaceous cysts are formed when the oil-producing glands of the skin (sebaceous glands) are blocked.
The result is whitish lumps that are also known as Fordyce spots. Pilar cysts, on the other hand, appear naturally and do not need any form of treatment. They are believed to come about as a result of an allergic reaction of the skin.
Cysts are not so much a cause for alarm, but depending on the effects of their symptoms on an individual, they might require medical attention.
2. Swollen lymph nodes
The swelling of the lymph nodes normally comes about as a result of other infections, illnesses, or injuries. Lymph nodes are small glands that exist all over the body. They normally carry fluids, nutrients, and waste from the body’s other tissues and the body’s bloodstream.
The swelling of the lymph nodes is an auto response of the immune system against foreign invasion.
Swollen lymph nodes disappear with the disappearance of the problems that lead to their development.
3. A hernia
A hernia is defined as a condition in which an organ forces its way through a weak spot in the tissue that holds it. The different types of hernias in the groin are the inner groin hernia (an inguinal hernia) and the outer groin hernia (a femoral hernia).
Lumps formed as a result of hernias are usually bigger and softer than most of the other lumps. In this case, the hernia will involve the lower abdominal tissues or intestines that push through any weak spots that may be available.
Hernias can be medically corrected but are also known to resolve on their own in some cases.
4. Lumps caused by sexually transmitted infections
Most sexually transmitted infections are known to cause lumps to grow in the groin area. These can be as a result of the bumps that accompany such diseases or simply as a result of the lymph nodes swelling as a reaction against the particular diseases. The sexually transmitted infections that are known to cause swelling in the groin include gonorrhea, syphilis, and herpes.
Sexually transmitted infections demand medical attention for them to clear off.
5. Saphena Varix
Also known as saphenous varix, this condition can be simply defined as a swelling that occurs at the top of the saphenous vein where it meets with the femoral vein in the groin. Saphenous varix will come about when the valves in the saphenous veins do not open correctly.
This prevents the blood from flowing and leads to the accumulation of blood. The swelling can grow to the size of a golf ball, but the condition can be reversed by simply lying down which relaxes the vein and allows for continued blood flow.
6. Allergic reactions
Bumps are common symptoms in the events of allergic reactions. Allergies of the skin can be influenced by several factors such as clothing, cosmetic products, and certain nutrition. Such like stimuli will trigger the lymph nodes to swell in response. Some medications are also known to cause allergic reactions.
7. Inflammation of the sebaceous glands
The sebaceous glands are glands that are under the skin. Their main duty is to produce body oils which the skin uses to keep the body moisture intact and also control the body temperature. However, should the sebaceous glands get blocked, the oil produced (sebum) will secrete and form a lump to develop.
The condition can be influenced by poor hygiene, injuries caused by shaving, poor hair removal techniques, and excessive sweating in the groin areas. The condition can also be caused by blockage or an infection in the hair follicles.
8. Inflammation of the genital organs
Inflammation of the genital organs is most common in women. This is attributed to the structure of their reproductive organs. Bacteria and fungi can very easily access the vagina and the internal parts of it due to its open nature. Such infections, as earlier discussed, are known to cause swollen lymph nodes.
9. Inflammation of the sweat glands
Just like the sebaceous glands, the sweat glands can also be inflamed and result in bumps forming in the groin. This can be as a result of pathogens gaining entry into the sweat glands through the pores of the skin. The best way to eradicate this kind of an infection is by exercising good personal hygiene.
10. The inflammation of the Bartholin glands
The Bartholin glands are also known as the greater vestibular glands. They are located in the opening of the vagina to the left and to the right and are usually two. They secrete mucus which helps in the lubrication of the vagina.
Their counterparts in male are known as the bulbourethral glands or the Cowper’s glands. Bartholinitis (an infection of the Bartholin’s glands) can occur when an infectious parasite like a bacterium enters the vagina. This can be a result of poor hygiene practices or even sexual intercourse. The condition can only be treated medically.
11. Genital Warts
Genital warts are sexually transmitted infections. They cause painless warts to develop around the genital areas of both male and female. Genital warts appear as thick fleshy bumps on the skin and they are caused by the Human Papilloma Virus infection.
With an infection of genital warts, warts can appear anywhere in the groin areas including on the genitals and they can spread very easily to other areas.
The bumps caused by warts may be itchy, they may discharge, they may have a burning sensation, and in some cases, they may bleed.
How to get rid of a lump in groin area using home remedies
Apart from medical treatment, there are different home remedies that can be used to treat the lumps that appear in the groin areas. However, if the symptoms persist, it is advisable that you seek medical attention from your healthcare provider.
1. Warm Compress
Warm compresses will help to reduce the swellings. This also helps to relieve the pain that comes as a result of the swelling.
2. Gentle massages
Gentle massages on the lymph nodes will also help in reducing the lumps. Massaging the lymph nodes produces a stimulating effect. This helps the lymph nodes to resume normal functioning.
3. Saline compresses
Apply saline compresses on the groin especially if the lumps have sore. Salt helps to disinfect the sores and also draws out water from the wounds. This speeds up the healing process.
You can use the following steps:
- Begin by adding two glasses of warm water into a basin.
- You can then add 2 tablespoons of salt then stir well till the salt crystals dissolve.
- You can dip a clean piece of cloth in the solution then place it over the affected area for some time.
- Repeat this daily until the sores start to heal.
4. Plain yogurt
Yoghurt is a readily available product at home. It contains zinc, lactic acid, calcium, and vitamin B nutrients that are essential for the skin’s well-being. Plain yogurt helps to reduce itching and inflammation.
5. Baking soda
Baking soda is known to have great anti-fungal properties. Make a paste of baking soda with water and apply it to the affected areas. You can leave it for some time then rinse it off with clean running water. Repeat the process daily for good results. Baking soda is also known to help in speeding up the recovery of the skin.
Garlic is known to have anti-inflammatory properties. It is also an antibiotic and is known to be a natural cleanser. You can make a paste by pounding a few garlic cloves and applying the paste to the affected area.
7. Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is one of the most recommended compounds for treating many skin complications. Apple cider vinegar is readily available in the kitchens in many homes. Vinegar is an alkaline. This, therefore, means that it lowers the PH value of the skin.
Apple cider vinegar is also a good antibacterial compound and can be helpful in curbing infections caused by harmful bacteria in the groin. It can be applied topically to the affected area.
Honey is a natural antiseptic that has antibacterial and antifungal properties. You can dab some honey on the bumps and then rinse off after with clean water. Honey is also known to have a soothing effect on areas of the skin that have suffered rashes.
9. Castor Oil
Castor oil has anti-inflammatory properties. It can also come in handy when handling lump in groin area. Castor oil will help to reduce the swelling that may occur in the groin.
The soothing nature of castor oil also helps to enhance the flow of lymphatic fluid throughout the body. This provides an ease of removing toxins and infectious antibodies. This will help reduce the cases of swollen lymph nodes.
10. Practicing proper hygiene
Proper hygiene will help reduce certain infections like the fungal and bacterial infections that may attack the skin.
Like castor oil, turmeric also has anti-inflammatory properties. This means that it can help in reducing swelling. Turmeric is also a pain reliever and can eliminate pain caused by the effects of some lumps that may develop in the groin.
12. Aloe Vera
This herb can either be used raw or in its extracted form as a gel. It can simply be applied topically to the affected area and let to stay for some time. In the case of using the herb in its raw form, you can rinse it off using clean water after some time.
Difference between a Lump in Groin Area and A Cysts in Groin
What is the groin? In most cases, people tend to confuse the groin with the genitals. The groin is defined as the area in between the lower abdomen and the inner thighs. It includes the area that covers the genitals too. In simple words, it is joint were your leg is fixed to your upper body right at the lower abdomen.
In this article, we will cover bumps that appear in the whole groin area together with those that appear in the genitals too. Remember the genitals include your private area.
A lump in groin area can be large, small, soft, tender, hard, painful or painless. It may also be a lump with a white head or a lump with no head. This means that some cystic groin lumps can be pooped while others can never be popped. Some of these lumps can also have sores while others may appear whole.
Symptoms of Lump in groin area
When you have a lump develops in your groin, you may experience certain symptoms. Some of the symptoms may cause you lots of discomforts. Here are some of the symptoms you may have as signs of Lumps developing in your groin.
- You may have an itch.
- Some of the lumps may discharge fluids.
- The affected areas may have rashes or solo swellings.
- The skin in the affected area may take up a different color like red or pink.
- The affected area may become tender, and in some cases painful.
- You may get sores appearing in the affected area.
- In some cases, you may experience swelling of the lymph nodes.
Lump in groin area can also cause an individual to have other symptoms that may not appear to be related to them but are, in actual sense, due to the effects the lumps themselves. These symptoms could include: abdominal pains or cramps, unexplained fatigue, unexplained fevers and chills, general ill feeling accompanied with possible nausea, unexplained weight loss, loss of appetite, abnormal sweating, and in some cases discharge from the penis or vagina.
In some cases, the symptoms that you may experience as a result of lump in groin area may be due to certain severe underlying issues. These might require drastic actions to be taken, in this case seeking help from a medical healthcare provider. Such symptoms may include the following:
- Severe abdominal pains that may extend to the pelvic area and also the legs.
- Thick colored urine or no urine being produced at all.
- Abnormally high fevers.
- Increased swelling in the affected areas.
- Severe nausea and vomiting.
- A weak pulse.
- A possible change in bowel habits that may include the inability to pass bowel gases.
- Increased heart rates.
Painful Lump in female groin area
As we have mentioned before, the lumps that develop in the groin can either be as large as the size of a golf ball or as small as the size of a pea. The lumps may grow in sizes or maintain their sizes. Lumps that appear in the groin of women can either be hard or soft and tender and can appear as one or in clusters.
Some lumps are specific to women and may not occur in men. For example, lumps that appear on the bikini line. Such lumps may be sore, reddened, and swollen. They may also cause pain that may in some instances result in difficulties in movement.
You may also look at Causes of pain after sex
Swollen Lymph Nodes in the Groin – Male
Lymph nodes exist throughout the body and are often bean-shaped. The lymph nodes are a part of the immune system ad normally swell as a result of an attack on the body’s immunity. This is a natural reaction.
The lymphatic tissues are made up of cells that comprise lymphocytes and macrophages. The lymphocytes produce protein particles that capture the pathogens while the macrophages break down the captured pathogens. These pathogens are normally carried in the lymphatic fluid which is filtered by the Lymphocytes and the macrophages.
Causes of cysts in the groin
Cysts that appear on the groin may vary in sizes, color, and texture. The cysts can cause pain and discomfort.
Some of the causes of cyst in the groin may include:
1. Staph Infections
These are infections caused by the staphylococcus bacteria which are common on the skin and in the nose. Staph infections can cause lumps to appear in the groin. Staph infections in the groin can cause pain, redness, and swelling in the groin.
Staph infections can easily occur when the skin is broken. This will allow the bacteria to move deeper into the skin and getting a chance to attack the glands that exist under the skin.
2. Bumps as a result of boil or abscesses
The staph aureus bacterium is responsible for the development of these bumps. These bacteria infiltrate the skin and the result is a pain, inflammation, and cysts in the affected areas. To relieve the pain caused by boils and abscesses, you may need to apply warm compresses on the affected area. You can also have the boil lanced by a specialist.
3. Sebaceous Cyst
Sebaceous cysts normally secrete excess body fats and dead cells known as keratin. They can also develop in the groin and in most cases, they normally go away on their own. However, they can also be treated.
Lump in groin area of female as a result of cancer
Some lumps that appear in the groin of female can be signs of cancer. Normal lumps are known to go away on their own in a matter of days while cancerous lumps are known to recur. The cancerous lumps normally begin as painless lumps but may exhibit excruciating pain in the long run as cancer develops.
The lumps that occur as a result of cancer normally begin as tumors. Tumors can spread easily and fast. This especially happens when the tumors come into close contact with the bones or blood vessels. Cases of tumors should be addressed with urgency.
Lymph node cancer can be contracted and this might not be easy for most people to identify.
It is imperative that you undertake a medical check-up for tumors that appear in the groin. Lump in Groin Treatment
Lump in groin area treatment
There are several modes of treatment for lumps that appear in the groin. The different modes of treatment depend on the causes of the lump in groin area.
Some of the medical ways of removing bumps in the groin are:
- Curettage (this is a process which involves scraping out the bumps).
- Cryosurgery (in this process, the lumps are frozen using liquid nitrogen).
- Laser rays surgery.
- Topical antiviral application.
- Topical antibiotic application.
- Topical antifungal application.
- Electrocautery or thermal cautery (this is a process in which warts are literally burnt off).
- Imiquimod (this process is used to boost the immune system).
Hernias may be removed by way of surgery. This can only be done by qualified medical personnel.
Swollen lymph nodes will go away on their own. In some cases, doctors may prescribe drugs that can be used to treat the underlying causes of the infections.
- Causes of lump in the groin: http://www.healthline.com/symptom/groin-lump
- Groin lump: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003100.htm
- Lumps in the groin and scrotum: https://patient.info/doctor/lumps-in-the-groin-and-scrotum
- Swollen lymph nodes: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/swollen-lymph-nodes/symptoms-causes/dxc-20258981
- Hard lump in the groin: https://www.jostrust.org.uk/node/999